FouCULT Paige Clark/Charlie

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Contents

***1AC***[edit]

Advantage[edit]

Funding for comprehensive sex education is low now—federal direction important because it sends a MESSAGE about priorities to all levels of the government.[edit]

Over the past two decades, the United States has spent approximately $2 billion AND to spend federal dollars will speak volumes about our priorities as a nation.


    • ====Abstinence-only sex ed contributes to disproportionate rates of teen pregnancy and STI's, and perpetuates gendered stereotypes====**
    • LeClair 06 ~~[Danielle. J.D., University of Wisconsin. "LET'S TALK ABOUT SEX HONESTLY: WHY FEDERAL ABSTINENCE-ONLY-UNTIL-MARRIAGE EDUCATION PROGRAMS DISCRIMINATE AGAINST GIRLS, ARE BAD PUBLIC POLICY, AND SHOULD BE OVERTURNED." Wisconsin Women's Law Journal, Vol. 21, 291-322. SH.~~]**

1. Abstinence-only programs do not adequately address issues that disproportionately impact girls AND comprehensive sex education programs that teach both abstinence and contraception as important components.


    • ====Federal action is key to coordination—status quo implementation results in a patchwork of inconsistent practices. ====**
    • JAH 16 ~~[Journal of Adolescent Health Editorial. "The State of Sex Education in the United States." Journal of Adolescent Health 58 (2016) 595-597. SH.~~]**

At the federal level, the U.S. congress has continued to substantially AND , it is no wonder that state practices are so disparate ~~[4~~].


And historically, US sex education has reinforced hegemonic forms of heteronormativity, racism, classism, and ableism. Both status quo versions of abstinence only and comprehensive sexual education entrench these paradigms by focusing on preventing sex and sexually transmitted diseases rather than investigating the complex social and political factors that influence sexuality.[edit]

While school-based sexuality education has been taught in the USA since 1913, AND do not disaggregate this group enough to be helpful (Tepper, 2005).


Status quo evidence-based sexual education policy re-entrenches a heteronormative view of gender and sexuality that has multiple impacts from a decrease in sexual health to exclusion, violence, domestic abuse and lack of sexual agency.[edit]

    • Schalet, Santelli, and Russell et al. 2014 **~~[Schalet, A.T., Santelli, J.S., Russell, S.T. et al. "Invited Commentary: Broadening the Evidence for Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Education in the United States." J Youth Adolescence (2014) 43: 1595. doi:10.1007/s10964-014-0178-8. SPS.~~]

We have argued that Evidence Based Interventions often do not reflect factors that the broad AND curricula—and include tools to help students address and challenge these beliefs.


Plan[edit]

The United States federal government should fully fund sexual education in the United States and mandate that all federally funded programs for sexual education meet the criteria established by the Real Education for Healthy Youth Act.[edit]

Solvency[edit]

As Advocates for Youth explains, if passed, REHYA would be the first federal AND could have a broader reach than just the programs it would directly fund.


US federal sexual health policy should be scientifically based and inclusive of all marginalized students. SexEd policy that acknowledges the role that structural and contextual factors play is essential to break down the hegemonic ideologies surround sexuality in the status quo[edit]

    • Schalet, Santelli, and Russell et al. 2014 **~~[Schalet, A.T., Santelli, J.S., Russell, S.T. et al. "Invited Commentary: Broadening the Evidence for Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Education in the United States." J Youth Adolescence (2014) 43: 1595. doi:10.1007/s10964-014-0178-8. SPS.~~]

US federal sexual health policy has come a long way since the introduction of AOUM AND efforts will be best positioned to promote adolescent health and well-being.


Critical pedagogy and anti-oppressive education in the context of inclusive sexual education leads to a democratic form of engagement focused on lived experiences that is capable of challenging current dominant ideologies surrounding sex and sexuality.[edit]

Two useful theoretical and practical (not that these two features are neatly separable) AND education possible in the interest of enhancing the quality of their sexual health.


Inclusive frameworks for sexual education should incorporate concepts of desire that challenge the state and the religious right's attempts to shape educational policy. Rather than move away from the state and giving up on sexual education, we should engage in a politics of wanting that demands publicly subsidized educational, social, and interpersonal opportunities for youth. An interrogation into the way the state intersects with sexual bodies is essential to critical thinking and political action, schools and the policies that shape them are a critical starting point.[edit]

    • Fine and McClelland 2006 **~~[MICHELLE FINE and SARA McCLELLAND (2006) Sexuality Education and Desire: Still Missing after All These Years. Harvard Educational Review: September 2006, Vol. 76, No. 3, pp. 297-338. SPS.~~]

Thick desire places sexual activity for all people, regardless of age or gender, AND are dying for good conversation about sexuality, and are dying without it.


Framing[edit]

    • ====Don't prioritize large scale spectacles of violence—everyday acts of dehumanization produce a will to violence that makes large scale conflicts possible====**
    • Kappeler 1995 ~~[Susanne. Former lecturer in English at the University of East Anglia and an Associate Professor at the School of Humanities and Social Sciences. The Will to Violence: The Politics of Personal Behavior. Polity Press. ISBN 0 7456 130555. Pg. at bottom~~]**

A decision to violate is not necessarily synonymous with a decision to be 'bad' AND attacks, of murder and destruction possible at all. 7-9


    • ====Sexuality is uniquely key to this culture of violence—sexual panics are deeply tied to the reproduction of structural violence and its ideological legitimation====**
    • Herdt 09 ~~[Gilbert. June 2009. Professor of Human Sexuality Studies and Anthropology and a Founder of the Department of Sexuality Studies and National Sexuality Resource Center at San Francisco State University. "Introduction: Moral Panics, Sexual Rights, and Cultural Anger." Moral Panics, Sex Panics: Fear and the Fight over Sexual Rights. NYU Press. SH.~~]**

Human societies across time and space often have experienced times of dread, anxiety, AND to do it, and that everyone should do it that way.10


1nc v sex ed

K[edit]

The problem of sexual repression is not a problem of old conservatives but of capitalism-sexual repression has been historically linked to capitalist societies.[edit]

Ollman 78 (Bertell, "Social and Sexual Revolution"Ollman is a professor of politics at New York University, teaching both dialectical and social theory. He has written many academic works on Marxist theory. https://www.nyu.edu/projects/ollman/docs/ssr'ch06.php, Accessed 6-27-17 Powers) Without roots in the particular society in which they are found (capitalism), it AND it is being manipulated to serve the ends of the capitalist system.24


Societies without capitalism also have no sexual repression-sexual repression, especially in relation to women and homosexuality, is a problem of capitalism.[edit]

McGregor 4/5/11 (Sheila, "Sexuality, Alienation, and Capitalism" International Socialism: A Quarterly Review of Socialist Theory, Issue 130, McGregor is a Director of Australian Indigenous Chamber of Commerce. She was also the President of the Royal Hospital for Women’s Foundation. She’s also been named the leading lawyer for like a billion different communications related organizations that I can’t be bothered to list here. http://isj.org.uk/sexuality-alienation-and-capitalism/, Accessed 6-27-17, Powers) The egalitarian relations between the sexes that characterised human prehistory came to an end with AND They have had profound repercussions for the sexuality of both men and women.


Its try or die—Capitalism’s narcissistic drive makes democratization of the market impossible—humanity is at a crossroads—the timeframe is now[edit]

Richard A. Smith 7, Research Associate at the Institute for Policy Research & Development, UK; PhD in History from UCLA, June 2007, "The Eco-suicidal Economics of Adam Smith," Capitalism Nature Socialism, Vol. 18, No. 2, p. 22-43 So there you have it: insatiable growth and consumption is destroying the planet and AND a practical working socialist democracy, or we face ecological and social collapse.


Capitalism results in a death drive that makes structural violence and sacrificial genocide[edit]

Santos 3 (Boaventura de Sousa, director of the Center for Social Studies at the University of Coimbra, EUROZINE, COLLECTIVE SUICIDE OR GLOBALIZATION FROM BELOW, http://www.eurozine.com/article/2003-03-26-santos-en.html) *Note this card had been modified for suicide metaphors According to Franz Hinkelammert, the West has repeatedly been under the illusion that it AND to pay the health costs of the world's poorest countries for four years.


Vote negative to reject the affirmative as a refusal to participate in activities which support capitalism. We must hollow out capitalist structures by refusing to invest our energy in reforms and rescue operations—avoids transition wars[edit]

Herod 4-Social Activist since 1968, owns an awesome website, Attended Columbia University and spent a year abroad at the University of Beirut (Lebanon) ~~[James, Getting Free, 2004, http://site.www.umb.edu/faculty/salzman'g/Strate/GetFre/06.htm~~] It is time to try to describe, at first abstractly and later concretely, AND . Otherwise we are doomed to perpetual slavery and possibly even to extinction.


Case[edit]

Comprehensive sex ed is an assimilatory tactic of cisheteropatriarchy – the progressive narrative of inclusion envelops deviant subjects into a neoliberal restructuring of the nuclear family, which only permits the biopolitical management of trans and gender non-conforming subjects.[edit]

Shannon 16 (Barrie Shannon, PhD Candidate at the School of Humanities and Social Science, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia. "Comprehensive for who? Neoliberal directives in Australian ‘comprehensive’ sexuality education and the erasure of GLBTIQ identity," Sex Education, 2016)~~[discourse modified~~]* Sameness, ‘homonormativity’ and GLBTIQ erasure Harris and Farrington (2014) and Riggs AND capability to feel ‘intimately linked’ with the world around them is diminished.

Low income minorities don’t receive the same sex education as their upper class peers. Horne 15 ~~[Horne, Emily A., "Sexual Education across the United States: Are we doing it right?" (2015). Scripps Senior Theses. Paper 676. http://scholarship.claremont.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1675&context=scripps'theses pg. 11~~] Calculus BC Another large problem for sexual education is that racial minorities are less likely to receive AND worse in low-income, minority districts (Guzzo &Hayford 2012)

Capitalism is the root cause of educational inequality. Sonti, 3 graduate student – history @ UC Santa Barbara, Samir, "Going Back to Class: Why We Need to Make University Free, and How We Can Do It," Nonsite Issue 9, http://nonsite.org/article/why-we-need-to-make-college-free-going-back-to-class After a three-decade free fall in state funding levels, US public higher AND the remarkable increase in economic inequality over the past third of a century.

1nc v sp1


1NC[edit]

The aff facilitates an educational system premised on optimizing the productivity of each student and erecting a governmentality of the self whereby the classroom serves as an incubator for the workforce[edit]

    • Lewis 11** – (Tyson E. Lewis, PhD. in educational philosophy from UCLA, Associate Professor of Educational Foundations at Montclair State University, "Rethinking the Learning Society: Giorgio Agamben on Studying, Stupidity, and Impotence," Studies in Philosophy and Education November 2011, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 585–599)//a-berg

Recently there have been several important critiques of ‘‘learning discourse’’ as well as the AND conclusions concerning learning and its alternatives which these authors have not adequately addressed.


The aff aims to satisfy capitalism's urge for limitless growth - causes exploitation, destruction of democracies, and destroys value to life while trying to stave off the inevitable collapse[edit]

What lies at the heart of this insanity? It is this: Commanding an AND people and the natural environment remain stronger than the desire to accumulate wealth.¶


Prefer the slow violence over big-stick impacts – capitalism produces suffering unrecognizable by traditional yardsticks of measurement[edit]

    • Nixon 11** (Rob Nixon, a Professor of English at University of Wisconsin at Madison; has a PhD from Columbia University "Slow Violence and the Environmentalism of the Poor", Published 2011, pages 65-67)

Looking back at Chernobyl, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and Bhopal, Petryna laments how AND a millennium ago, Lazaro recognized as "the sepulcher of oblivion."64


Its try or die—Capitalism’s narcissistic drive makes democratization of the market impossible—humanity is at a crossroads—the timeframe is now[edit]

Richard A. **Smith 7**, Research Associate at the Institute for Policy Research & Development, UK; PhD in History from UCLA, June 2007, "The Eco-suicidal Economics of Adam Smith," Capitalism Nature Socialism, Vol. 18, No. 2, p. 22-43 So there you have it: insatiable growth and consumption is destroying the planet and AND a practical working socialist democracy, or we face ecological and social collapse.


Capitalism results in a death drive that makes structural violence and sacrificial genocide[edit]

According to Franz Hinkelammert, the West has repeatedly been under the illusion that it AND to pay the health costs of the world's poorest countries for four years.


Vote negative to reject the affirmative as a refusal to participate in activities which support capitalism. We must hollow out capitalist structures by refusing to invest our energy in reforms and rescue operations—avoids transition wars[edit]

Herod 4-Social Activist since 1968, owns an awesome website, Attended Columbia University and spent a year abroad at the University of Beirut (Lebanon) ~~[James, Getting Free, 2004, http://site.www.umb.edu/faculty/salzman'g/Strate/GetFre/06.htm~~] It is time to try to describe, at first abstractly and later concretely, AND . Otherwise we are doomed to perpetual slavery and possibly even to extinction.

1nc v sp3


Their rejection of education as a space of productivity is actively hostile to an anti-capitalist orientation – ethics demand that we utilize spaces such as debate to generate an anti-capitalist pedagogy that can play a fundamental role in shaping the material relations of power. Instead of resigning ourselves to an experience of impotentiality, the negative can create counter-hegemonic enclaves to challenge neoliberal knowledge production from the inside out – this provides a new vocabulary to discuss social and political problems, develop the requisite skills to deploy them and reverse the neoliberal orthodoxy. As an educator, this is your responsibility[edit]

In opposition to these positions, I want to reclaim a tradition in radical educational AND through new forms of pedagogical praxis, global protests, and collective resistance.


Our pedagogy has the ability to connect critical theory to practice- the academy has become the fodder of neoliberalism- we need to move past revelations and theorizing and it is your responsibility as an academic to provide a new vocabulary for engaging the social order[edit]

Increasingly, education appears useful only to those who hold political and economic power, AND trust, conviction, and courage that are vital to a substantive democracy.


Its try or die—Capitalism’s narcissistic drive makes democratization of the market impossible—humanity is at a crossroads—the timeframe is now[edit]

Richard A. **Smith 7**, Research Associate at the Institute for Policy Research & Development, UK; PhD in History from UCLA, June 2007, "The Eco-suicidal Economics of Adam Smith," Capitalism Nature Socialism, Vol. 18, No. 2, p. 22-43 So there you have it: insatiable growth and consumption is destroying the planet and AND a practical working socialist democracy, or we face ecological and social collapse.


Voting negative refuses the affirmative in favor of Historical Materialist Pedagogy. International inequality is sutured by the unequal circulation of capital. Without revolutionary theory, there can be no revolutionary moment. Only starting from the structural antagonisms produced by wage labor can lead to transformative politics.[edit]

    • Ebert ‘9** ~~[Teresa, Associate Professor of English, State University of New York at Albany, THE TASK OF CULTURAL CRITIQUE, pp. 92-95~~]

Unlike these rewritings, which reaffirm in a somewhat new language the system of wage AND Instead, the pedagogy of critique is a worldly teaching of the worldly.


Turns Case—Biopolitics/Agamben[edit]

The K turns the case on a global scale – capitalist development produces massive abandonment globally in the name of protecting private property and deregulating the market – only the alternative can solve[edit]

    • Barkan 09** – Joshua, Associate Prof at the University of Georgia, Department of Geography, Use Beyond Value: Giorgio Agamben and a Critique of Capitalism in Rethinking Marxism: A Journal of Economics, Culture and Society, Volume 21 Issue 2, 08 Apr 2009, Pages 243-259

While the impact of Agamben’s ideas cannot be separated from the resurgence of the camp AND can be valorized and those that can be abandoned under contemporary capitalist regimes.


Case[edit]

Study Fails[edit]

The aff may be a pre-requisite but it is not a complete politics – their method of study cannot defend or sustain itself which guarantees backlash and re-appropriation.[edit]

    • Ford 17** – (Derek R., Prof of Education at DePauw University, PhD Syracuse, "Studying like a communist: Affect, the Party, and the educational limits to capitalism," Incorporating ACCESS, Volume 49, 2017 - Issue 5, Pages 452-461)//a-berg

Studying is, like the crowd event, a beautiful moment of encounter, the AND foreclosed as the crowd is dispersed through redirection, exhaustion, or repression.


The jargon of ‘exception’ is depoliticizing and ignores social reforms[edit]

Huysmans 8 (Jef – Professor of Security Studies at the Open University, "The Jargon of Exception—On Schmitt, Agamben and the Absence of Political Society," in International Political Sociology, Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2008, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1749-5687.2008.00042.x/abstract) Deploying the jargon of exception and especially Agamben’s conception of the exception-being- AND as the central processes through which individualized bodily resistances gain their sociopolitical significance.


People can and do assert agency in the face of state control – ignoring this disempowers the aff[edit]

    • Casarino and Negri 04** -Cesare Casarino, professor of cultural studies and comparative literature at the University of Minnesota AND Antonio Negri, author of numerous volumes of philosophy and political theory. "It’s a Powerful Life: A Conversation on Contemporary Philosophy" Cultural Critique 57.

AN: I believe Giorgio is writing a sequel to Homo Sacer, and I AND continuously try to subtract or neutralize our resistance. ~~[End Page 174~~]


Their theory is hostile to agency and ignores distinctions within sovereignty.[edit]

Andrew Robinson, January 21, 2011 "Giorgio Agamben: destroying sovereignty," http://ceasefiremagazine.co.uk/in-theory-giorgio-agamben-destroying-sovereignty/)//a-berg Agamben’s approach to politics is thoroughgoing in its cleaning-out of statist ways of AND of exclusion into autonomy, through the rejection and immanent overcoming of sovereignty.